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North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO).

The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation was formed by the 1949 North Atlantic Treaty as an intergovernmental military alliance between states in both Europe and North America. Emerging as a Western pact of collective mutual defence in the context of the Cold War, NATO counts three permanent members of the UN Security Council (France, United Kingdom, and the United States) and nuclear weaponry-armed states amongst its ranks. NATO has been involved in many important military interventions of various kinds over the last fifty years; including in Bosnia from 1992 to 1995, in Afghanistan in 2001, and in Libya in 2011.

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