This is a fictional simulation of events and the press updates do not reflect the views of the OxIMUN Secretariat
#93 – NEW UNION: FAKE NEWS AND PROPAGANDA
It has been confirmed from our sources that the legitimacy of the western propaganda news agency called Intercontinental Standard is being questioned and the New Union truly supports this notion. It is regrettable to see a news agency care more about Kurt Cobain’s dirty sweater sale than the international future of Space Station. This is also the news agency that has questioned the peaceful and legitimate actions of the People’s Republic of China in Hong Kong. It is not in the interest of the international community to believe in the imperialist propaganda of the Intercontinental Standard.
#92 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: BREAKING NEWS! ‘How do you block people on Slack?‘
There has been rumors that with the new space program being implemented in China and Russia, an anonymous source reports that there is rumor and talk of the possibility of cloning throughout this program. Cloning? What kind of world is this? What is this program supporting? The same source also reports that he hates the press… are these countries and this program resorting to censorship as well? You’ve heard it here folks… take the proof for yourself.
#91 – NEW UNION: Nadya and the AU
#90 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: G20’s Resolution passed
At the end of this 3 day conference all nations of the G20 committee are grateful they are reaching the goal they were all expecting and that all the views are included in this resolution.
The three sponsors of this is resolution are Brazil, Italy and the United States of America. Even though some amendments were suggested during the debate and the voting procedure, the main aim of this resolution is to offer better working opportunities while promoting probability and changes of skills in different labor sectors. Finally, the resolution successfully passed with 17 votes in favour and none against.
#89 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: ASEAN’s Draft Resolution 1.2
Later on, some nations suggested to maintain the possibilities to provide a better deal for countries with lower economies in the development fund.
The most important points about this draft presentation were the implementation about a legal dispute resolution such as mediation that would encourage the court of Singapore to be used. This decision was mainly proposed to avoid all conflicts to be resolved in courts but instead provide a more efficient and neutral dispute resolution.
A second important point is that all implementation and financing of projects have to be green and be aware of the environmental impact.
All investments and funds amounts should be the decision of each nation’s according to its own capabilities. This would allow all ASEAN countries to be involved in collective projects with all major financial institutions.
Finally the most important aim is to create and maintain transparency between all nations to guarantee the success of sustainable and green projects.
#88 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: ECOFIN BREAKTHROUGH
For days, the delegates of ECOFIN have been struggling to come to a consensus on the idea of aviation tax in their committee; this committee requires a unanimous decision in order to pass a resolution, but several countries have been standing in the way of doing so. But after three days of debate, the two opposing blocs, one headed by Finland and the other by the Netherlands, have merged, creating one final block comprised of the whole committee. In this resolution includes the aviation tax, which many countries have been pushing for in order to lower CO2 emissions, and make flying more environmentally friendly. In an interview with the delegate from Finland, he stated that “We are very happy that after many hours of debate, finally the block of the Netherlands has accepted the deals made by Finland. The European Union can now look with pride to a more sustainable future”. Unlike several other committees, ECOFIN was able to come together and put aside their differences, to produce a resolution that helps to create a more environmentally healthy and sustainable world. ECOFIN, you finally have your crew together and are flying your plane; let’s see where you can go now.
#87 – NEW UNION: AFRICAN UNION PASSES A RESOLUTION
After two whole days of discussions on the topic of “Establishing African Union’s political and economic role in a post-Basheer Sudan, with 19 votes for, 0 against, and 0 abstentions, by showing true solidarity, they managed to pass a resolution.
‘Ethiopia: We managed to do in 3 days what has not been done in 30 years.‘
#86 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: Asian Development Fund
This morning, the ASEAN committee had an interesting conversation about new resolutions to help nations get out of a debt situation.
One of the clauses of the first working paper was to create an institutional structure for the Asian Development fund to help nations that are not able to repay their loans.
However, there are no specific system and this institution would act differently with regarding the cases they would face.
The Asian Development Fund strongly trusts the commitment of the financial ministers , and that everyone should consider less developed Asian countries as a priority in order to close the Development gap between.
#85 – NEW UNION: ASEAN’s discussion over the Resolution
ASEAN have been making visible strides in discussing their resolutions, especially the aspects of the ASEAN Development Funds (ADF). Indonesia has been a vocal supporter for including private investment and reducing the Chinese government’s funding involvement. The reasoning behind this was the fact that the debt and loan cycle becomes too tedious to actually be feasible. This was taken with some apprehension by the delegate of Myanmar, as they were under the impression that the development disparity would lead to less investment in lesser developed countries. However, it was clear that the delegates were putting their best efforts into resolving these differences and doubts.
#84 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: Space Program what? Who really cares, listen to this…
So apparently, Russia and China have teamed up to launch a joint space program, completely exclusive to their own countries. The astronauts will be trained together and the working language of the program is not Chinese… not Russian… but French! How great, another space program… honestly though, who really cares? Now let me give you something that everyone cares about, something even bigger that the creation of a space program: a Kurt Cobain unwashed cardigan has sold for three hundred and thirty-four thousand USD. That’s right, you’ve heard it here; a stained, cigarette burned cardigan worn by the Kurt Cobain himself, sold for thousands of dollars. A new space station? No, who really cares when Kurt Cobain memorabilia is on sale, and selling at this rate; hey, China and Russia, maybe take some tips for how to dig yourself out of debt after this whole space station disaster. This day will go down in history, for the legendary Kurt Cobain, and the sale of an iconic piece of clothing.
#83 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: To merge or not to merge… Not to merge it is
After almost three days of continuous debate, the International Labor Organization submitted two draft resolutions, each paper containing the proper tools and financing to create an effective solution to the problem at hand. Although a possible merger was at the table, it was decided against, and the two resolutions continued on their own. However, the members of the committee failed to pass even one of these two resolutions; rather than vote on coming to a solution for the better of the world, countries became too colluded in their own self-interest to do so. There was much disappointment felt throughout the global stage that a resolution had no passed. The delegate from South Korea in the ILO states, “Perhaps, this disappointment will forge a willingness to cooperate in the future for all members of the ILO”. Even members of their own committee are disappointed in their actions, and we on the outside are too. What have the last two days of debate been, ILO? The first day of debate, I criticized the World Bank for spending their time ineffectively… but that was only the first few hours. ILO, you’ve just about wasted the past three days of debate. Clearly, this is the ultimate disappointment.
#82 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: Indonesia unhappy with the G20
USA, Brazil and Italy are leading the negotiations. They seem to have forgotten Indonesia which can lead to tension in the amendment process as well as the vote of the resolution – therefore bringing about the possibility of the decision having a disappointing result.
#81 – NEW UNION: Great potential, apathy by the delegates
For half an hour, we were present and watched the discussions in the headquarters of the African Union.
At the beginning, we were impressed by the ideas about the new programme of “African Peace and Development Fund”. This, between other things, gives hopes on solving the situation in South Sudan, give access to food and clean water and fight poverty in Africa.
However, during this half of an hour, delegates were making speeches thanking each other about their contribution, about their ideas and their “fruitful debating”. Nothing was actually said about what exactly those solutions are, how should they implemented and how can they be sustainable.
An interesting thing is that the delegates raised and passed a caucus on discussing about the weather, after which a delegate remarked “It was hard, but we came to a conclusion, the weather is great!” and also a caucus on deciding on the sponsors of the paper.
Kenya remarked: It is not the content that matters, it is that we worked all together towards it. Yes, sure, teamwork is great but I do not see any teamwork when dedicating a whole caucus on talking about who the sponsor of the document should be. Also, if the content does not matter, what are we even doing it the UN? Why should we discuss about Africa’s problems and not about cake recipes for example.
Delegates, please, stop thanking each other, or caring more about who should be the leader rather than the actual content. Show more passion and interest and help Africa be strong and powerful!
#80 – OFFICIAL SIMULATION UPDATE: Russia and China launch joint space program with hopes of landing the first manned rocket on Mars
Both countries announced today that they will be creating RASCA, the Russian and Chinese Space Administration, with support of the country’s respective space agencies. All equipment will be exclusively manufactured by the two parties and this venture will cost USD$ 30 billion, split between the two countries.
Astronauts from both countries will be trained together and the working language of the program will be French.
#79 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: Progress after endless conflict in ECOFIN
European states in ECOFIN are finally having productive discussions on aviation tax – an important step to reduce CO2 emission. Negotiations between the “green” states like (Germany, France and Netherlands) will bring about proposing this new system.
#78 – NEW UNION: On the ILO: Two resolutions discussed, none passed.
After two whole days of discussions about “Using financial assistance mechanisms to promote decent work”, the ILO had great potentials of reaching a solution.
Two draft resolutions were written, thoroughly discussed and voted on. However, none passed. It is a shame, since in many areas of our world, working circumstances for the labour force is nothing near decent.
#77 – NEW UNION: G20 searching for the World Bank’s funding
In the next few hours delegates from Argentina, India and Italy belonging to the World Bank will visit G20 with the idea of discussing founding in 2 different projects. The first of these projects is “G20 Digital Education & Training Guideline”. As for the second one, the topic has not yet been published publicly. We will see what these delegates surprise us with.
In terms of investment, we could be talking about more than 3 billion dollars.
#76 – NEW UNION: UK goes all-in with Brexit
After very intense discussions with the EU, the UK government is pushing hard to complete the Brexit, even if that means no deal between the two entities.
In addition, it has been reported that UK delegates are already carrying out different agreements with the countries of Australia, Canada and Saudi Arabia. This action seems to be very risky, but it can be very beneficial for all the aforementioned countries, and may even create a coalition among them to boost their economic and political power.
#75 – NEW UNION: The divide in UNCTAD
There has been a stark division in the UNCTAD over the unfriendly amendments and the question of merging. The current trend in the committee is competition between the resolutions till one fails. This can be a large obstacle in choosing what is beneficial for the states by methods of consensus. The New Union is wary of this competition that can turn counter productive and hopes that the delegates of the UNCTAD can reach a common ground and successfully pass a practical and refined resolution.
#74 – NEW UNION: World Bank grants 25M to the African Union
This morning, as we previously informed you, the debates of World Bank on an agile banking programme got interrupted by a visit by South Africa and Madagascar representatives from African Union, requesting a grant of 25M US Dollars, in order to fund the “African Peace and Development Fund”.
In their application they stated: “This programme will bring stability to post-conflict areas as it will be financing the projects proposed by the AU Peace and Security Council. As a result, this will facilitate both economic and personal growth of citizens, as it will develop education, health and infrastructure projects in these regions as well as the protection of human rights, including women’s rights and workers rights. Citizens will finally have the opportunity to work in secure jobs, develop working skills, and participate as full members of society. As a result, levels of migration will be reduced, which also reduces political turmoil. Additionally, by fostering economic development and human capital, stability can be established, which is key for the development of Africa”.
There were some questions from the side of the World Bank regarding the sustainability of the project, the calculation of the costs of the programme, any other funds or grands that will be used and collaborations with governments and private companies.
After the presentation of the project and a hectic debate, the World Bank members held a voting, where this grand fund was approved by all members.
The World Bank Group (WBG)
- The WBG approves of the fund proposal of 25.000.000 USD
- The WBG would suggest to make it a fixed-spread grant, rather than a variable spread single-currency in order to hedge currency risk
- The WBG is favourable upon providing a new level of grants derived from the IBRDbut prior to that would suggest to provide a new level of details in terms of initial assessment and more details on how the issue of transparency and corruption will be tackled especially with regards to approving processes for infrastructure projects
Even though disappointed by the mistrust by the western governments towards the African Union, that was apparent throughout the debate and in the statement, we are very pleased to see this fund to be approved in order to fund such a great project, that will help in African sustainability.
#73 – NEW UNION: Economic disparity no more
In one of our first interviews, Croatia was vehemently against increasing fuel tax due to economic accessibility. But now it seems that Croatia has stopped its endeavour to make environmental sustainability socially sustainable. Is it possible that maybe the stronger and more affluent states were able to bulldoze their way through the delegate of Croatia’s concerns?
#72 – NEW UNION: An interview with the Chinese delegate of World Bank
Since yesterday afternoon, the World Bank has been holding discussions on an Agile Bank Programme. This morning we had the honour to speak with the China’s representative in World Bank, Mr. Spyros Sierros.
When asked what is China’s position towards this, Mr. Sierros gave us the following statement:
“China believes that this is very good for the evolution and the development of the World Bank. Empowerment of employees will actually help the development of the programme. Artificial intelligence will help a lot in this and should be an integral part of it”.
#71 – NEW UNION: Battle of Resolutions
The ECOFIN is now at that peak moment where they are discussing and debating upon their resolutions. The committee is dissecting the resolutions and looking at the finer points of the proposed solutions. There has been some discontent over the involvement of the United Nations Environment Programme as an external body in the proceedings. Discussions over the allocation of tax revenues and the aviation taxes have been taking place in detail.the delegates are trying their best to not let there be any loose ends. But will they be successful enough to get a full consensus on this?
#70 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: African Union: Granted
It has officially been decided that the World Bank will grant the African Peace and Development Fund (APDF) in the sum of twenty-five million USD. In addition to providing this money, the World Bank also offered to increase this fund, should more specific details and elements to the plan be provided. The African Union plans to return to their committee to further define their plan, and return with their proposal to the World Bank. African Union, congrats on your grant, and can’t wait to see more on the specifics of this program. World Bank, keep it going; we’re glad to see you’re making progress over there.
#69 – NEW UNION: World Bank Grants victory to the African Union
The dilemma of the nature of funds needed by the African Union from the World Bank is no longer in question. The World Bank has granted 25 million USD and has promised to approve more grants in the future. Hopefully, this will help the conflict areas of Sudan and lead to a stable state.
#68 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: ILO Proposal to World Bank
At the end of Day Two, the International Labor Organization (ILO) brought a proposal to the World Bank, seeking their advice and knowledge. Despite seemingly putting two days of work into the proposal, the World Bank was not impressed, and found extreme confusion and concern among the lines of the paper. In each clause written, the World Bank produced a comment for, which was consistently negative in nature. It was determined that there was much more consideration and specificity that needed to be put into the ILO’s proposal, with the hope that they will be able to adapt and apply the advice given to their proposal. This reporter hopes to see a revised edition come out today, and you know if it does we’ll be there to cover it.
#67 – NEW UNION: BREAKING NEWS: African Union asks for loan from World Bank for funding African Peace and Development
At this moment, representatives of South Africa and Madagascar from the African Union are holding a meeting with World Bank consultants in the WB headquarters, regarding a funding request.
South Africa and Madagascar are asking for a grant of 25M USD, in order to fund a big exciting programme under the name African Peace and Development fund.
We are very optimistic for this meeting and we will shortly provide you with updates.
#66 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: African Union Loan Request to the World Bank
To start off Day Three, the African Union has submitted a loan request to the World Bank. This loan, presented by the delegates of Madagascar and South Africa, would help to support the African Peace and Development Fund (APDF). The purpose of this project would help to facilitate the development of educational programs, health programs, and the necessary infrastructure to do so, as well as to facilitate the protection of human rights. Through these programs and infrastructure this program would create, the African Union plans to see reduced numbers of migration, as there would be the creation of secure jobs for citizens. The African Union believed that this will help to establish stability in African Nations, and establish stability by fostering economic development and human capital. Stay tuned to the Intercontinental Standard for the World Bank’s response, the world’s only source of true and reliable news.
#65 – NEW UNION: Sudan: Digital Economy Without the Digital
With the delegation of Sudan participating in recent bilateral deal in collaboration with the G20 and UNCTAD on the G20 Digital Economy Development and Cooperation Initiative (2016), it is clear that Sudan is not letting anything get in its way of diplomacy and negotiations. However, is it really viable for a country so ravaged by war and deprived of basic infrastructure to be thinking of digital economy when the basic economic infrastructure is so under-developed? It is perplexing that Sudan is not concentrating more towards establishing a solid infrastructural foundation during this political transition because the additional weight digital economy cannot stand when there is such a wide technological, educational and economic disparity and weak foundation would just end up crumbling. The New Union is curious as to what is the game plan of the Sudanese delegation and what exactly are they trying to achieve.
#64 – OFFICIAL SIMULATION UPDATE: GREECE ADOPTS FISCAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY
Greece has resolved to redirect 50% of energy tax revenues to renewables and to set up a national body to clarify, investigate and oversee the national expenditures of Greece in an effort to reduce its debt-to-GDP ratio, which currently sits at 181.80%.
#63 – NEW UNION: Finally a Solution: African Union
As of yesterday, the African Union has been working hard towards a neutral and fair working paper. They have started working towards accumulating funds for relief in the conflict affected areas, creating infrastructure, analysing economic solution. These solutions will be applied for Sudanese rehabilitation. The funding needed is around 50 million USD, of which half will be paid by the African Union and the other, if accepted, will be paid by the World Bank. However, this will make the process complicated as the World Bank mostly gives loans and not grants or aids. Let us hope that the African Union can get the funding needed for the damaged political and economic structure of Sudan and get a model for future rehabilitation of more conflict affected areas.
#62 – OFFICIAL SIMULATION UPDATE: INDONESIA SIGNS PACTS WITH TWO GREAT POWERS
Indonesia has signed agreements on scientific cooperation and trade separately with China and Russia, agreeing to provide special visas for students and researchers travelling between the two countries. To increase FDI, Indonesia has resolved to lower taxes on Chinese and Russian investments, imports as well as cargo passing through the Strait of Malacca. The parties have also agreed to harmonise their laws in order to facilitate joint private enterprises. With the China pact, the focus is on supporting tech start-ups in both countries; for Russia, Indonesia has agreed to promote Russian as an optional language to be studied in secondary schools.
#61 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: Solving the ecological crisis requires a movement in ECOFIN
Both Estonia and Finland have finally moved to create a compromise of a deal, it may, however, yet prove difficult to pass through the Committee due to two states (Croatia and Malta) pressing against a climate friendly deal. Additionally, the two northern countries require the support from the “green” European states like (Germany, France and Netherlands).
#60 – OFFICIAL SIMULATION UPDATE: China and Indonesia work towards Scientific Cooperation
Reaffirming the importance of scientific cooperation, both parties established a protocol for dialogue between their Education and Economy Ministries. They are also reaffirmed their commitment to trade cooperation and improving financial investments in renewable energy, digital and start-up related sectors.
#59 – NEW UNION: ASEAN and G20 seem to be up to something BIG
Several sources claim to have seen ASEAN and G20 members negotiating about multilateral politics. For what we know, it has been a productive talk as five of the most powerful entities of the World (Australia, Canada, EU, Japan and UK) agreed on promoting asian industries without any conditions. An important topic to talk about has been the possible corruption in the Asian financial sector. The issue of the digital industry has also been negotiated, as everyone affirms that it is an important factor for the future of all nations. The main objective from this union is to achieve a viable infrastructure that helps in the production of the most important products of the global markets. So far this is all the information we have obtained from this coalition, we will keep you informed here, in The New Union.
#58 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: Energy taxation modifications
Later this afternoon, the ECOFIN was working on some changes they want to pursue regarding the energy taxation directive established by the EU in 2003. ECOFIN thinks that some modifications should be taken into account regarding renewable energy like the biofuels.
A proposition was made to allow a reduction of taxation for sustainable companies and higher taxation to other ones that are currently not sustainable. This decision has been made to exempt or reduce duties to promote biofuels, contributing to a better functioning of the internal market of the EU and offer to afford member states and economic operators a sufficient degree of certainty.
Finally, the distortion of competition should be limited. Since, this idea is still in the working phase, an official report and statement should be released in the coming days.
#57 – NEW UNION: A step towards labour rights, ILO
The International Labour Organisation (ILO) has worked throughout the day to come upon a plan in using financial assistance to promote decent work in developing countries. The solutions proposed are a step towards protecting labour rights in the increasing prevalence of sweatshops and exploitative outsourcing. The member states played with the idea of creating a system to assess the employers on their previous records on upholding labour rights for their employees. They focused on the aspects on which the companies would be assessed, the framework that would be applicable and the sanctions that can be placed over the violations of those aspects. The members also supported the idea of Microfinance to employment and entrepreneurial opportunities in the developing states. To solve the labour rights violations by the companies with foreign direct investment and multinational corporations, the member states proposed a preset contractual stipulations for upholding the specified labour rights so that there is no room for ignorance. These solutions seem prudent to move away from the exploitative techniques of the MNCs. We await the remarks of the World Bank on this proposal.
#56 – NEW UNION: UNCTAD Part 3: Reducing trade barriers in the developing world: WP. 2
This is the third and last part of the UNCTAD trilogy, presenting to you and discussing the committee’s second working paper of the flaming topic of reducing trade barriers in the developing world.
By reading the title of this paper, “Fair Competition” it gives the idea of a pro-capitalist plan, which does not seem so optimistic when speaking about helping LEDCs, where in most of them people live under extreme poverty. The countries who signed it are Japan, South Africa, South Korea, China, Nigeria, Turkey, Brazil and Australia. Questions were born when we saw that countries like Nigeria are signing a paper with such a title.
Its basic proposals are lying on five sectors:
Industries: Diversification especially in countries based solely on non-renewable resources, encouragement of developed countries to support developing ones in the sector of industry.
Technical barriers: Encouraging the implementation of technology by encouraging cooperation between the private sector, the LEDC governments and NGOs.
IT: Improvement of communication and transportation infrastructures, assisting firms in developing countries to improve technology and student exchange between developed countries and LEDCs
Integration of trade blocs: Allowance of reduction of jurisdictional boundaries and enabling a shift towards a global economic federalism
Agriculture: Creation or an organization that protects LEDC’s rights in the field of agriculture.
It also proposes a special committee project that will create safeguards on market contagion.
Is this paper a true will to help developing countries, or it is another instance of western hypocrisy with hidden agendas?
Most of the measures are based on capitalist practices. How exactly is capitalism, the practice that opens gaps in trade, is going to help to close the same gaps?
The initiative to create an organization, by western countries, that will protect the LEDC’s rights in agriculture, is a move of solidarity or another attempt for more western influence on those countries?
We are unsure how can such a proposal work in practice.
#55 – NEW UNION: Environmental impacts on Asia
The debate on the Environmental Impacts of the BRI begins with good intentions on the part of China implementing renewable energy projects. However the delegation of Vietnam accuses China of not taking environmental risks seriously, as they have a large polluting industry and little transparency in exposing their projects. China being the most polluting country in the world (30% of global pollution), how will they defend their position? Fortunately for China, Southeastern Asian countries believe that China will do everything possible to fulfil its promises.
#54 – NEW UNION: More than mending ties: Chinese statement on Hong Kong
With the latest press statement exclusively given by the People’s Republic of China to the New Union, things are changing for the better. The Chinese government has taken the ASEAN’s stand with utmost respect and diplomacy. With all the issues aired out, both China and ASEAN are moving forward to preserve international peace, security and stability of Asia. The situation in Hong Kong has scope to calm down and with renewed effort of the government of China, peace would established in no time. The New Union is full of optimism with the diplomacy efforts shown by all parties involved.
#53 – OFFICIAL PRESS RELEASE: Chinese Statement
“Government of the People’s Republic of China recognizes the criticisms provided by fellow nations in the G20 and ASEAN in regards to the current incident in Hong Kong Special Administrative Area, People’s Republic of China.
Government of the People’s Republic of China applauds G20 for producing the most peaceful and balanced resolution to resolve the issue. Government of the People’s Republic of China accepts the terms suggested by the G20. Withdrawing People’s Liberation Army any point of the time if the stability is restored. Government of the People’s Republic of China seeks for the government of Hong Kong and the civil society to rebuild the social order and minimize the confusion within the country.
Government of the People’s Republic of China further recognizes the concerns brought up by ASEAN about the stability of foreign workers and business based in Hong Kong. Government of the PRC promises that it will place its best effort on ensuring the safety of the foreign workers and protecting the property of foreign firms. Moreover, the People’s Republic of China will place its best effort to support the security of Asia to be preserved. Government of the People’s Republic of China, though, supports the decision of ASEAN towards the issue of Hong Kong which is reported by the New Union.
Government of the People’s Republic of China supports the peaceful actions and expresses its deep respect towards the Hong Kong Basic Law. Government of the People’s Republic of China seeks to continuously collaborate with the international community to establish a peaceful and safe world for every citizen of each country, while sovereignty of each state is well respected. Further, the government of the People’s Republic of China will continue its effort to make a more positive contribution to the international community.“
#52 – NEW UNION: World Bank passes its resolution
The World Bank just passed its resolution on the topic of the development of natural disaster infrastructure management. The New Union interviewed one of the sponsors of the committee, putting a keen focus on investing in risk identification and risk assessment through means of risk mapping, meteorological solutions and other disaster risk monitoring institutes in order to recognise high exposure regions. Along with this, Climate Change and the solution of Climate Resilient Infrastructure played a prominent role in pinpointing risks of grave importance that previously did not reside within the World Bank’s priorities within Natural Disaster Risk Management. The committee further went into acknowledging the importance of finding soft infrastructure solutions such as establishing a ‘Warn and Acknowledgement Communication System’ (WACS). The two last key components of our resolution revolved around fundamental characteristics of the World Bank’s services, one being the recognition of implementing suitable loan policy amendments to the changes made in today’s WorldBanks initiatives in Natural Disaster Management ventures, and the second being the optimisation of knowledge sharing platforms through the means of investing in digital infrastructure which has supported backing from the G20 committee’s Digital Economy Development and Cooperation Initiative (2016). The New Union looks forward to the application and the implications of this resolution.
#51 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: 48,600 Seconds
Thirteen and a half hours: forty-eight thousand, six hundred seconds. There’s a lot that can be done in that time, and the World Bank clearly proved that. Despite spending their first three hours of committee session being ineffective and repetitive, they’ve clearly upped their game. As Day Two comes to a close, the World Bank has passed their first resolution; tackling the topic of natural disaster management, their resolution fully acknowledges all aspects of the topic. There are effectively detailed systems and programs that are reinforced by the proper infrastructure and financing. In addition to this, the resolution incorporates previously existing systems, and finds ways to build and improve upon them. The World Bank produced an effectively detailed and well-written resolution, and it only took thirteen and a half hours. Forty-eight thousand, six hundred seconds: I wonder how many turkeys you could cook in that time.
#50 – NEW UNION: China: An absolute power
In breaking news, following an alleged escalation in protester violence, the State Council of the People’s Republic of China has made plans to deploy the People’s Liberation Army to restore order and peace to Hong Kong. An amount of 50 protest leaders have been arrested by the Hong Kong police, including Joshua Wong and Nathan Law. The People’s Republic of China has declared martial law, administering direct military rule and superseding the Hong Kong SAR government. Chief Executive Carrie Lam has implored protesters to de-escalate violence and allow PLA troops to restore order to the city. Though this decision has sent shockwaves throughout the international arena, it was an inevitable outcome of the continuous vigilantism and blatant disregard of the laws. There is a disagreement over the method, there is a need for peaceful dialogues without the disruption of civil disobedience. There are hopes for more peaceful regulation and resolution of this issue. However, one also has to keep in mind that sovereignty is the foundation of the United Nations and Hong Kong is an internal matter of China under its sovereign rights. If the West even considers intervention measures, it will be just another tear in the legitimacy of the United Nations.
#49 – OFFICIAL SIMULATION UPDATE: Brazil and Poland Bilateral Deal establish cooperation agreement
The Republic of Poland and the Federative Republic of Brazil,
1. Decide to establish a permanent partnership between Brazilian and Polish Universities in the fields of Business, Entrepreneurship and Social studies;
2. Define the content of the partnership to create a fertile ecosystem in order to facilitate the respective implementation of our companies in our different countries
3. Further aim to use this partnership as a foundation to facilitate communication between Brazilian and Polish private economic actors;
4. Decide to remain actively seized on developing the friendly relations between our two countries.
#48 – NEW UNION: UNCTAD PART 2: Reducing barriers to trade in the developing world WP. 1
In the context of discussion of reducing trade barriers in LEDCs, two interesting position papers are on the table.
In this article, we exclusively present to you the paper and the discussions of the committee around it.
The first paper, supported by Argentina, China, Iran, NIgeria, South Sudan, Greece, Philippines, Indonesia, carries the name “Modern International Trade Plan”.
Its main proposal is an initiative called the ‘P.O.S.T. Project’, whose main four points are:
- Policy Advice in order to help the LEDCs
- Overcoming the gap between the developed nations and LEDCs through education
- Sector specific regulations to eliminate influence on political cycles on trade barriers
- Trade blocks through multilateral agreements to stop market contagion
In general lines, this is an excellent initiative, based on education, sharing of knowledge, cooperation, with a true aim to help the LEDCs. We are very optimistic about it and would like to see such a project being put in force.
Other proposals of this paper include:
- Strengthening cooperation between regional trade blocks
- Encouraging the developed countries to assist on education of developing countries as a part of the POST project
- Encouragement for liberalization on the agricultural sector in international trade
- Ease imports of developing nations on machinery
- Share of technical knowledge
During the discussions, the delegate of Indonesia underlined: “An investment in knowledge is the best investment. Why do we give money to people to have laptops? To have access in software and hardware. Education is the passport to the future but in belongs to the people who prepare for it”.
There was a minor disagreement between Japan and South Sudan regarding the way and the grade of technology use in the context of education, but the delegate of Argentina remarked “This is futile and irrelevant, this can be regulated on a domestic level, this is because countries have their own sovereignty and is not on the mandate of the committee”.
On the question of which countries need more help, the Philippines delegate said: It is not very easy and manageable and to help all developing countries. We believe that there is a need to focus on helping specific countries so they can help other countries. It is like an algorithm.
Stay tuned for the third and the last part of this article trilogy on the UNCTAD discussions, where we will exclusively present to you the second working paper on reducing trade barriers in the LEDCs.
#47 – NEW UNION: Chinese military restores order in Hong Kong
Violent protests were noted this morning in Hong Kong, with the situation being out of control. More than 50 protest leaders had to be arrested by Hong Kong police, including the 23 year-old activist Joshua Wong, Secretary-General of the localist party Demosisto, known for his anti-China speech in the foreign media and the 26 year old anti-Chinese politician Nathan Law.
The People’s Republic of China had to enforce martial law and impose military rule on Hong Kong, to bring the region back to stability. Chief Executive Carrie Lam called PLA troops on force in order to resist. Hong Kong is legally a part of China and the instability in the area might be proven dangerous for the country’s regional integrity. We are confident that the powerful Chinese army will resist and order will be restored in the region.
#46 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: Efficient collaboration between ASEAN countries
As of this afternoon’s meeting the ASEAN countries worked together in the spirit of multilateralism for the economic development of Asian countries.
Most of the countries reached a consensus to promote fair competition by reducing the technical barriers and improving communication and transportation infrastructure in the developing countries. This can be reached by the urge of reduction of tariffs relating to LDCs as Indonesia respectfully asked trading partners.However, many countries stated the issue of how to fund new reforms in order to collaborate more efficiently and effectively. As most of agreements between Asian countries and the rest of the world are bilateral, Brunei is willing to include more labor work from other countries ( 3rd party ). Since in this case only one country is investing it would be preferable to develop bigger projects as it is a great opportunity to diversify investment projects.
By collaborating with more countries this would enable ASEAN to open up its economy and cooperate with businesses that offer comparative advantages and keeping in mind the protection of the environment.
#45 – NEW UNION: ASEAN’s decision: Cutting ties
With the ASEAN’s recent announcement of providing safe haven to Hong Kong protestors, the South East Asian’s political pot has come to a boiling point. But more than politics, it is the impending economic impact that will be more significant. With China being ASEAN’s biggest trading partner throughout the previous years, this blatant opposition to China’s political maneuver in Hong Kong can be a deterrent to the joint economy of the ASEAN members. Perhaps, this can be a move away from ASEAN’s dependence on China and moving towards other economic powerhouses like Japan, as advised by the World Bank during the advisory session with ASEAN.
#44 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: The Internet: heaven, or hell?
The Internet; a wonderful, magical digitized world of its own… at least that’s what some people would call it. Some would call it a dangerous monster, with little to no restraints on wreaking havoc on the population. Which side is accurate? Well, it’s hard to say; perhaps this is a two-faced creature. In the G20, the main topic of debate has been focused around the use of the Internet for the Digitalization of the Labor Force. Although two blocks have been formed, there seems to be a common consensus among the delegates; debate has addressed topics such as the investment into technical infrastructure in LEDC’s and creating frameworks to aid national governments, private sectors, and workers in this time of digital transformation. While this has been the main topics of debate, there are other delegates who wish to expand to focus; for example, the delegate from Canada continues to stress the importance of cybersecurity, as well as the use of AI technology. It’s here that one realizes the importance of ensuring that with all this digital advancement, there is also the advancement of security to protect it. Without the proper security measures, an abundance of important data and information is left vulnerable. Canada’s got the right mindset here; in order to delve further into digitalization, cybersecurity must be considered as well. It’s the balance between that magical world and dangerous monster; they version you choose to expose is up to you, G20.
#43 – NEW UNION: UNCTAD Part 1: Two different working papers – overlapping signatories
This afternoon, we had the honour to be present at the meeting of the UNCTAD, and watch their conversations regarding reducing barriers to trade in the developing world.
The conversation took place under an atmosphere of cooperation and solidarity, even between countries that are traditionally enemies, like Greece and Turkey.
Currently, discussions are being held on two different working papers. Before elaborating on their content and their policy proposals, it is interesting to underline the fact that there were some overlapping signatories between the two papers, namely China and Nigeria.
During a mini-interview with the delegate of Indonesia, I asked him why there are two different position papers, while the countries supporting them are of similar policies and some signatories are overlapping.
He replied to me: “For this problem, the solution is one way. This way of approach, which is the easiest is quite common. We take the same road, but there are many technical barriers. However, we are working together to overcome them”.
Stay tuned for the second part of the article, where we will present and analyse the solutions offered by the two different blocks.
#42 – NEW UNION: China calls out the UK for hypocrisy
In the current crisis of China’s deployment of the People’s Liberation Army to stabilise the civil disobedience and upheaval in Hong Kong, the international debate has taken quite a petty turn. During the discussion regarding the G-20’s statement, there has been a very visible clash between People’s Republic of China and the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom was staunchly against the action taken by the Chinese government and did not have any qualms about showing its disapproval. However, the delegation of China was quick to remark on the western imperialist hypocrisy that accompanied the delegation of UK’s statements. China pointed out just how many times the British army had intervened in places that were out of its sovereign mandate. It further pointed out that the treatment of Extinction Rebellion in the UK was no different from what China was doing and therefore it shouldn’t be blamed for trying to stabilise the area. The delegation of China graciously showed efforts to reach a consensus by accepting that it would retrieve the troops of the Liberation Army after 5 days of stability, which were thwarted by the United Kingdom’s inability to move forward. However, in the end diplomacy prevailed and the G-20 were able to move forward from the squabble towards a productive session once again.
#41 – OFFICIAL SIMULATION UPDATE: G20 Statement
We, as the Heads of State of the G20, have been actively engaged with the dramatic crisis that is affecting the people of Hong Kong.
First of all, the G20 urges the protesters in Hong Kong to refrain from violent means of protest, in compliance with the principle of the ‘“One country two systems”, as is enshrined in the Hong Kong Basic Law, that is in order until 2047.
Secondly, the G20 affirms the integrity and inviolability of the Sino-British Joint Declaration.
Furthermore, the G20 recommends the de-escalation of hostilities from Chinese military and law enforcement. China agrees to withdraw its troops upon a period of 5 days upon which no physical violence against the police or any unauthorised destruction of public property has occurred in Hong Kong.
The G20 urges all parties involved to uphold international human rights as provided in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, particularly freedom of the press and freedom of association.
As a gesture of goodwill, China has accepted to provide for safe space of protest for any of the inhabitants of Hong Kong within Hong Kong to gather peacefully.
#40 – OFFICIAL SIMULATION UPDATE: Brazil funds entrepreneurs in Cameroon hoping to lower agricultural tariffs
Brazil to provide $50 million to local entrepreneurs in Cameroon in return for lower tariffs on Brazilian agricultural and industrial imports. Both nations hope this agreement will be a role model for similar cooperations between nations in the future.
#39 – OFFICIAL SIMULATION UPDATE: ASEAN provides safe haven for Hong Kong protestors
“We, the Member States of the Association of Southeast Asian States, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam, commonly united by the founding principles of the Bangkok Declaration and the direction of the ASEAN Way, are concerned by the situation occurring in the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong, particularly with reference to actions undertaken by the People’s Liberation Army of the People’s Republic of China. ASEAN prioritizes the safety of its own citizens and the business climate of the region, and publishes these statements to express the following concerns: In order to ensure the safety of our people, we are committed to opening all consulates of ASEAN nations to provide a safe haven for those ASEAN migrants workers in dire need for protection and assistance in Hong Kong. Our people’s safety is crucial to all countries. ASEAN incorporates a special consultation for ASEAN companies operating in Hong Kong and who are experiencing dire consequences through business associations, such as Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Business China.“
#38 – NEW UNION: The EU responds to China’s intervention in Hong Kong
Faced with such a situation in Hong Kong, the countries of the European Union expressed their opinion at a meeting full of discrepancies. Some European countries do not tolerate this lack of freedom rights for Hong Kong residents. The delegate of the Netherlands argues that “it is a shame that thousands of soldiers march through the streets of the city repressing the people who want to express their political ideas”. This act has also been taken as evidence that the Chinese government does whatever it wants without consulting other organizations. Meanwhile, other countries defended the fact that this action is part of an internal policy and that it has to be respected and supported as it contributes to achieving order. It also declares the state of China as a very important factor for the global economy, so it would be a serious mistake to take action.
#37 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: To merge or not to merge…
The International Labor Organization (ILO) has produced their first official working papers, working to provide a conventional framework regarding the standards of individuals both in their work and daily lives. Cooperation and bilateral agreements are a key component of the papers, presenting the strong idea all countries will be working together, regardless of their presence at the conference today. The first paper focused heavily on the financial backing behind their proposal; however there seems to be few actual ideas proposed in their working paper. While having the financial aspects of a project planned and organized, one must not forget to organize the actual project. On the contrary, the second working paper was much more specifics, providing programs and actual components that, when put into action, would genuinely make a difference. Yet, they lack the proper financial backing and structure required to fully and successfully implement those programs. Seems to me that these two papers each contain what the other one lacks; the delegate from South Korea states his open mindset towards a merger; both papers contain important and relevant information, and would hate to see them put up against one another only to see one fall. Clearly, aspects of both papers can be implemented to make one extremely successful merger, yet many members of the committee are hesitant to do so; after openly discussing both working papers and making great strides, the two papers immediately split back into their own groups. The consideration of a merger needs to be seriously discussed, as it can only benefit the committee as a whole, and the goals they are trying to accomplish. To merge or not to merge, that is the question: this reporter thinks the answer is to merge.
#36 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: ASEAN and the World Bank
On Day Two, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) prepared a proposal for the World Bank, seeking their knowledge and support. Headed by the countries of Myanmar, the Philippines, and Singapore, their proposal sought the advice of the World Bank in five major topic areas; setting a GDP, filling the development gap, export diversification, legal defense fund, and other funding sources. Due to the lack of specific information given beforehand, the World Bank quickly had to analyze the situation. However, they were able to provided ASEAN with a list of their general advice and knowledge. The delegate of France in the World Bank stated, “It was a good and productive meeting, even though we could have given better advice, if we had received more information beforehand. We had the feeling that both parties expected more information from each other”. This lack of information provided by the ASEAN members left this reporter feeling as though there is more that can be done by ASEAN and the World Bank, but they need to continue to work and collaborate together, as one cannot do its job without the other. Needless to say, this was a solid taking off point for both committees, both holding the promise that there are big things to come.
#35 – NEW UNION: An interview with the G20 Turkish delegate
During the break of the meeting of the G20 in Osaka, Japan, we had the honour to speak with the Turkish delegate of the committee.
While most of the Western countries were focusing exclusively on the need of improvement of technology, the Turkish delegate is the only one who stressed out the importance of other, more serious problems that need to be prioritized, namely the need to satisfy basic needs in developing countries.
She informed us that she is closely working with all the members of the G20 with aim to reach a consensus, to form a common policy on dealing with the shifting nature of work and labour force in the context of digitalisation and innovation.
After the news of the violent protests in Hong Kong, and the threats on China’s land integrity, the debate on digitalisation had to be pushed back for a while in order to deal with this flaming issue. Now, the Turkish delegate informs us that the committee is trying to find solutions for the current situation while trying to promote technology and help the LDC’s.
#34 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: Preparing for Takeoff
Back in ECOFIN, the Nordic countries have initiated a deal in order to speed up the process for their proposal, with countries such as Finland and Estonia working alongside members of the World Bank and the G20. In addition to this, the United Kingdom has announced its support of the proposal. One by one, countries are continuing to provide their support for this proposal; step by step, their beginning to learn how to fly the plane. But it seems that there’s still a few members of the cabin crew missing… without these members, how can the plane officially take flight? ECOFIN, you’re almost ready for take off; you just need to get those lost few crew members prepped and ready to go.
#33 – NEW UNION: Economic victory for South Sudan
In an amazing result of diplomacy and negotiations, South Sudan has finally found a fruitful solution to the question of its economic rehabilitation. The People’s Republic of China has signed a bilateral agreement with South Sudan. Under this agreement, China has accepted the role of an economic mentor to South Sudan and will provide all the necessary guidance to assist South Sudan to obtain economic stability and success. Furthermore, China has also offered to appeal to the World Trade Organisation to provide a membership to South Sudan. This will further provide South Sudan a credibility and the backing that it needs in order to attract investment and trade opportunities. Perhaps this is the golden opportunity that will help South Sudan find the stability and footing in its economy and politics.
#32 – NEW UNION: Funding natural disaster management: Arguing over cooperation with private entities
This morning, discussions at the World Bank have been hectic. The debate on the development of natural disaster management infrastructure led to major disagreements, not only on nature of but also the means of getting the investments.
Italy compared adequate disaster management with cooking: “It needs passion, attention to detail and right equipment. What is missing here is fire and concrete solutions”. Well, this surely is an interesting approach.
However, if in cooking you choose the wrong ingredients or you don’t use the correct technique, then the food will be terrible. I am unsure how the “recipe” can be successful if France’s advice is followed, regarding reliance on competitive markets in order to allow “the materials and the equipment to flow freely”. They continued stating that private partnerships are the key to make these ideas a reality. We are not sure which ideas they are talking about, as the discussion was very general, with no consensus whatsoever on what measures should be taken in order to alleviate areas suffering from natural disasters.
This was pointed out by India, whose representative said “First find what should you fund and then discuss about how will it be funded”. Their opinion is that there is a need for stability and development, not profit. Encouraging countries to contribute with their own funding would be more sustainable.
Argentina and South Africa seem to be on the same page, with the first supporting that “World Bank is about efficiency, not profit” and the latter that the profits “rip off the benefits of it”.
#31 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: China and Hong Kong
For days now, China has been fuelling fears of a violent crackdown by building up its military forces in the vicinity of Hong Kong.
Today, Saturday 26th of October at 11:50 AM China has officially moved troops into Hong Kong. 50 protest leaders were arrested by the Hong Kong police, including Joshua Wong and Nathan Law. Such action could result to disastrous economic and political consequences degrading China’s trade position with the US, and ruin China’s image and reputation for years.
As of today being the second’s top trading partner of China, Hong Kong represent 12.1% of total Chinese exports, exporting up to $303 billion of goods. Being the global financial gateway for Chinese companies, Hong Kong would most probably impose severe economic sanctions in reaction to this action. Being in a very critical position, this action will further exacerbate the country’s economic woes and weaken its position in its trade dispute with the US. China’s political leadership and law enforcement officials cannot stand anyone protesting the government in Beijing and have no tolerance for democratic movements. Such position would create a hostile and weaken its international position. For many years, China’s been struggling to rebuild a positive image, and now more than ever, this action is destroying every effort built. According to the Basic Law agreement previously made between China and Hong Kong, Hong Kong can maintain its own political, legal, and economic systems separate from China until 2047 and the PLA arm is “not to interfere in the local affairs of Hong Kong” .
Such intervention means breaking this agreement and breaches the International Human Rights Law. Such action could call for an enforcement of the UN Human Rights Law and further investigation of the International Criminal Court (ICC) could take place in the next days.
#30 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: Starting from theoretical consensus, landing on specific measures
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) is debating on reducing barriers to trade in the developing world. During the conference, an anonymous comment has been received that many theoretical conclusions have been raised but no specific measures or actual investments have been put forward to solve the issue, with developing countries complaining that how could they trade when there is not enough resources at home. Then the committee moved quickly to a moderated caucus proposed by delegate of Indonesia on the subject of practical ways to actually assist developing countries in breaking the trade barriers. Delegate of Australia suggested that data companies are dominated by the United States, followed by delegate of China proposing that Chinese well-known or local IT companies should be shared or taught advanced technology by the dominant IT companies in the United States. Moreover, both Indonesia and South Sudan have suggested that there is no general plan for all Member States. One size clearly does not fit for all. UNCTAD is heading from basic consensus concepts to specific and effective measures. Let’s hope this project as practical and fruitful as possible.
#29 – Official Simulation Update: Chinese Statement
“The government of the People’s Republic of China made a plan to deploy the People’s Liberation Army to Hong Kong this morning. The main purpose of such a move is to restore the social order within the country that has been severely challenged by the protestors within the country. The government of the People’s Republic of China has consistently requested the citizens of Hong Kong Special Administrative Area to respect the One Country Two system structure. The violence that is currently present in Hong Kong is preventing the proper economic activities to be conducted, which is not only destructing the domestic social order but posing the huge uncertainty in the global economic order. Therefore, the People’s Republic of China will proceed with the plan to deploy the People’s Liberation Army to Hong Kong Administrative Area. The government is following the official request from the special administrative government of Hong Kong that military intervention is required for the government to achieve stability. The term, “invasion,” is an inappropriate description of our action, since the current deployment is the issue within the boundaries of the People’s Republic of China. The government of the People’s Republic of China would kindly ask the other states to respect that this decision is under the boundary of sovereignty. During the deployment, the government of the People’s Republic of China will ensure the human rights of its citizens can be well respected. Again, the government emphasizes the ultimate goal of this decision is to preserve the current political system, which has provided stability to its country during the last decades. Enforcing the law, peace and economic stability against aggression should be the most important factor to be preserved in order to achieve the common goal of the economic integration to happen in this world. Therefore, the government of People’s Republic of China kindly asks the world to respect its sovereign decision.“
#28 – NEW UNION: The ASEAN kettle reaches boiling point
With China’s recent n of Hong Kong, economic tension at the ASEAN meeting is reaching critical points. The trade imbalance between China and ASEAN countries regarding BRI projects has prompted these countries to seek to prioritize domestic firms, increase the competitiveness of domestic industries and strengthen existing industries with respect to China’s exports and imports. Even World Bank experts attend the ASEAN summit to advise on the reactivation of the ASEAN Development Fund, the realization of trade and infrastructure expansion and the creation of a debt sustainability framework for BRI participating countries.
Even so, China seems to want to help all the countries that belong to the union. These may be difficult times for a country that seeks to benefit everyone equally and that, in terms of the movement of troops into Hong Kong, claims to have taken what belonged to it.
#27 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: On the ASEAN Summit
It is high time that the currently dormant and underfunded ASEAN Development Fund (ADF) be tailored and reformed to take the place of the debt-based funding mechanism and meet the needs of implementation of Infrastructure Projects. The issue of trade imbalance can be eliminated by increasing competitiveness of national industries and strengthening current industries. That leads to the problem that – “How to attain the competitiveness and strength of current industries”. Through the process of solving the problem, we hold the firm belief that the gap in development between different Member States can be narrowed effectively.
#26 – OFFICIAL DOCUMENT: ASEAN SUMMIT
“ASEAN Members States for advisory request: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam.
In order to move away from the debt-based funding mechanism of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), ASEAN is looking towards reviving and reforming the currently dormant and underfunded ASEAN Development Fund (ADF), tailoring it more to needs relating to the implementation of Infrastructure Projects established within the Belt and Road Initiative.
Another issue ASEAN wants to address is the gap in development between different Member States of the Association through the Realizing Infrastructural and Commercial Expansion (RICE) plan. To achieve this the more developed countries within ASEAN are looking to utilize their own credit ratings to support BRI projects in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam (CLMV group) and are also looking to create an ASEAN Legal Defense Fund to support these countries for arbitration cases relating to the BRI.
Addressing the issue of trade imbalance between China and ASEAN countries with regards to BRI projects, we are looking to prioritize national companies, increasing competitiveness of national industries and strengthening current industries with regards to exports to and imports from China.
ASEAN also focused on financial risks linked to the BRI projects, by looking at further possibilities of partnerships between Chinese and ASEAN companies, thus creating more inclusivity. It would include compensation of the involved firms in case of mitigation. ASEAN also wished to establish the Framework for Implementation Reciprocity in China-ASEAN third party Market Cooperation (FIRM), highlighting the presence of a third party to facilitate investment cooperation between ASEAN and China’s firms.
ASEAN is willing to create more transparency of BRI projects through the Debt Sustainability Framework for Participating Countries of the BRI (BRI-DSF).“
#25 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: Sudan’s reconstruction
Talks have been underway since yesterday about the critical situation in Sudan. Multiple issues are being discussed in the African Union regarding solutions to help Sudan’s development , such as more cooperation between the AU countries, the development of a food security system, stabilisation of the economy, mediation, reformation, and the diversification of economies. Regarding the access to potable water, Egypt is strongly advising all AU countries to consider helping Sudan have access to the Nile River to ensure its population’s basic necessities. Algeria recommends its neighbour countries to consider the important impact of the development of the medical industry of Sudan that could help diversify the manufacture industry and therefore contribute to the development of a prosperous future. However, yes there are some ideas on the table for reconstructing the country, but one main concern is the way of funding the resolutions. Since the AU countries can’t provide a significant amount of economic aid, Sudan must consider International intervention to establish a stable economic and political system. Cooperation, dialogue and merging ideas are the keys to a prosperous Africa.
#24 – NEW UNION: The taxing burden of taxes
ECOFIN has been debating the increase of energy taxes since the start of the day. However, the most noteworthy is the focus on climate change in regards to the taxation system. There has been a definite consensus on the fact that change has to be incorporated in order to combat the impending crisis of climate change. On one side are states like the Netherlands who advocate for an increase in fossil fuel taxes, however on the other side are states like Croatia who want the process of energy taxes to not only be environmentally sustainable but also socially sustainable. There is an apparent discourse in the council but the members believe that they will find common ground no matter what.
#23 – OFFICIAL SIMULATION UPDATE: China moves troops into Hong Kong
On the night of 25th October, amidst violent clashes between protesters and police, the PRC Consulate in Hong Kong was set on fire and three protesters were killed. The following morning, October 26th, in accordance with the Basic Law, the Hong Kong SAR government officially requested military assistance from the PRC. At 11:35 am, the PRC deployed 200,000 People’s Liberation Army troops into the city of Hong Kong.
#22 – NEW UNION: Egyptian and Ethiopian ambition for the Nile
In our last update from African Union, the New Union mentioned its wariness over Sudan’s vulnerability to protect its resources, and it turns out that we were right to be wary. We were informed by a trusted source that Egypt and Ethiopia have been trying to incorporate clauses that would give them control of the Nile in Sudan under the guise of “assisting Sudan with the Nile water crisis”. This is in fact a thing to be wary of as it can lead to the defeat of the main objective behind this meeting of the African Union. It is important that the member states prevent Egypt and Ethiopia from fulfilling these ulterior motives that can lead a breach of peace and security.
#21 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: Let’s fly away… from pollution
The European Union and Canada have recently stated their position in the dispute of the taxation of gas for air travel, in support of removing these tax exemptions. The removal of tax exemptions from the fuel used for domestic airlines will increase the cost of these flights, but will promote a more environmentally friendly business. Though there may be countries who still fight for this tax exemption, it’s important to consider the costs; a cheaper flight, compared to a healthier planet. Canada and the EU, welcome aboard to a more environmentally friendly world.
#20 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: It takes more than just a pilot, ECOFIN
Flying a plane; it takes more than one person to successfully get that plane off the ground. Each member of the airline from the moment the aircraft rises into the air to the minute the wheels touch back down to the land. The pilot, the flight attendants, and the various other members work cohesively as one to make that flight successful. If these men and women can work together to somehow fly an entire aircraft of people over oceans and lands, why can we not do so in our committees? ECOFIN, there’s unanimity that’s required of your committee; working together to find a solution that all can agree upon. Maybe it’s time to look at more than just how the outcome will affect your country, but affect the world as well. Work together to get you aircraft full of people across the ocean, and not just yourself.
#19 – NEW UNION: Protectionism: A page from the book of western exploitation
With the topic of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development being the removal of trade barriers, one has to wonder whose barriers are those that must be removed. It has been prevalent over the years that the west has clearly been increasingly exploitative with regards to international finance. A big example of this was the Washington Consensus that ended up with numerous Latin American economies collapsing. However, this time, it feels like the states that had been previously wronged are now supporting this endeavour wholeheartedly, it is imperative to look at the fact that in years of liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation, the western states have been reluctant to let the developing states to enter their market. Moreover, the staunch attitude of the World Bank as an enabler of asphyxiating these developing economies and twisting their arm into opening up their fragile economies to enormous multinational corporations. States like Turkey and Brazil are pushing for protectionist measures for the developing countries to protect their strategic industries. It is a much needed process, but not commonly accepted. The New Union is almost sure that nations like the United States will not stand for protectionist policies that will put a damper on its hyper-capitalist tendencies and practices. More than that, it is high time that states be treated with a lot more equality. It is important that the western developed states open their markets to the developing world instead of the global south jumping hurdles.
#18 – NEW UNION: The beginning of an exploitative economy?
From the beginning of the UNCTAD cooperation meetings, the room was quickly divided between two different developed and developing countries. The most discussed topic has been the possibility that countries with great wealth help others to develop themselves. On the one hand, the powerful ones accept the possibility of economically supporting the rest of the countries, but they do not decide how they can achieve this by benefiting themselves at the same time. It is indisputable that the big countries are not going to give away their help without becoming something in return. On the other hand, developing countries are grateful for all external support, but they do not want to depend on other countries. The main objective now for them is to become self-sustainable, thus freeing themselves from the pressure of constant financing. As one of the delegates from a developing country said, “Don’t give me fish, give me a fishing rod and teach me how to fish”. While it has been concluded that most of these countries have great agricultural potential, one feasible idea is to boost the primary sector by developing their economy, and in turn benefiting developed countries that imported these products at affordable prices. As expected, small countries are afraid to end up creating an economy that exploits the workers and products of these lands. The meeting has concluded by continuing the metaphor of which we spoke earlier, as a delegate stated that “even with fishing rods, there are some countries that do not have boats with which to fish efficiently”. By this it is mean to explain, that there are some countries that do not have agriculture or anything to offer in exchange for this help, nor do they have a way to be self-sustainable. This topic will be discussed in the next meeting.
Will everyone reach an agreement that benefits everyone? Or will the developed countries continue having the absolute control?
#17 – OFFICIAL SIMULATION UPDATE: SDR Conversion Rate
SDR conversion rate for 26/10: 1.376087. To convert your SDR (budget) into USD, please multiply your SDR by the aforementioned number.
#16 – OFFICIAL SIMULATION UPDATE: Coffee Breaks, Saturday 26th
Dear Delegates and Chairs,
INTERMEDIATE AND ADVANCED:
We hope you enjoyed your first afternoon of debate. Tomorrow’s coffee breaks will be at 11:00-11:30 (morning) and 16:00-16:45 (afternoon). These are a chance for you meet with the other delegates representing your country and discuss your policy. As you have now been in contact with each other on slack and met each other in person, delegates are responsible for organising the location of their own country delegations.
You need to have organised your morning location by 10:15 and your afternoon location by 14:15.
IF YOU ARE THE ONLY DELEGATE REPRESENTING YOUR COUNTRY consider which countries you wish to contract multilateral/bilateral deals with and message the concerned countries on slack by searching their country name on the workspace to then organise logistics for the coffee break.
Directorial Board Team
#15 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: Whistle whilst we work
Heading into day two of debate, the International Labor Organization (ILO) has been steadily making progress, discussing the concept of decent work and its definition, as well as how to define it. The ILO has defined decent work as “opportunities for work that is productive and delivers a fair income, security in the workplace and social protection for families, better prospects for personal development and social integration, freedom for people to express their concerns, organise and participate in the decisions that affect their lives and equality of opportunity and treatment for all women and men“. Mutual agreements have been made among many countries, such as Poland, Cameroon, South Korea, and several other countries, who have been discussing ways to finance the proper infrastructure to support this. There seems to be a strong sense of inclusivity among this committee, with nations of different statuses coming together. However, this reporter is left to wonder more about the specificity of this committee; a financial system may be in place, but what does this system plan to support? What programs or actions are being put into place through this? You’re whistling a great tune so far ILO; don’t fall flat now.
#14 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: Still a long road to One Belt One Road policy coordination
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is currently debating heatedly on policy coordination toward the One Belt One Road (OBOR) Initiative.In the unmoderated caucus, delegates of Cambodia, Vietnam, and other nations are collaborating on the long-term negotiation about the terms of OBOR Initiative, which mainly focuses on the transparency during debt-financed infrastructure projects and detailed mechanisms for dispute settlement instead of China’s current centrally coordinated method. In response, delegate of China stated, “We are willing to look at possibilities to translate judgements. More focused on the dispute settlement: China proposes to implement another BRI court in Singapore, as another option which could be agreed upon by both parties, investor and receiver, that are part of the agreement of the BRI project.” China is currently teaming up with Singapore, Malaysia, the Philippines, and other countries.Will the demands proposed by Cambodia, Vietnam, etc. be satisfied? Stay tuned in to the Intercontinental Standard as debates continue today to find out the answer.
#13 – NEW UNION: An interview with China and Indonesia: The ‘New Silk Road’
During the delegations meetings, after hours of heated debates, despite their packed schedules, we had the honour to speak with the delegations of China and Indonesia, from World Bank, G20 and UNCTAD.
The delegation of China spoke to us about the Belt and Road Initiative, a global development strategy adopted by the Chinese Government, which involves infrastructure developments and investments in 152 countries, also known as the “New Silk Road”.
China: “It will be one of the biggest developmental strategies ever existed, it will unite many countries and it will boost the economy of many developing places of the world, including Africa.”
Indonesia: “We believe this strategy is a very good idea. China is offering the leadership, knowledge and expertise and we follow”.
This project is being viewed with a lot of optimism. It is very positive to see a non-western initiative of such a large magnitude being facilitated, that will actually help the economies of many different countries and will ameliorate transportation worldwide. Let’s hope this project is as practical and fruitful as it looks on the paper.
#12 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: World Bank – Slowly but surely…
As day one of debate closes, the World Bank still has yet to find any definitive solutions to address natural disaster management. Their ideas how slimmed down to more specific topics, however, as one working paper has been passed, that only begins to address the large-scale problems at hand. Countries such as France, Italy, Sudan, India, and Argentina have collaborated to begin a paper that addresses risk assessment, soft-and hard infrastructure, cooperation, and climate resilient infrastructure. According to the delegate of France, great improvements have been made on the combination of soft and hard infrastructure, and the cooperation between the two. Slowly but surely, World Bank is working towards solutions, and hopefully Day Two will yield more specific results.
#11 – NEW UNION: UNCTAD -A Step Away from Capitalism for Australia?
In an interview with the delegation of Australia, the New Union was notified of their solutions to the problems of reducing barriers to trade in developing world. One of their solution proposal was to adopt a state-level based sectoral approach. When asked to elaborate, they focused on the need for unions in the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors in the developing world. This was quite a surprise as being a prominent capitalist state, the word union is that of nightmares for corporate entities and more importantly, there seems to be an uncertainty about the support from their usually hyper-capitalist allies on this solution. Can it be that Australia is finally moving towards a more socialist approach to development? If yes, then what will the effect be on it’s foreign policy?
#10 – NEW UNION: G20 -Infrastructure, Western Hypocrisy, and Supposed Consensus
The G20 is currently holding its meeting, discussing Digitalisation and Innovation in correlation with the shifting nature of work and the Labour force.
Their discussions focused on three main points: the development of a GIG economy, the issue of whether GIG should be regulated and how can LEDCs benefit from a GIG economy through investments.
The United States declared that focus must be centred on creating infrastructure packages in order to help Africa, mainly in correlation with education. They believe that education should be a priority, as workers can take advantage of different opportunities presented to them. Is this really the case? When was the last time the United States was actually interested in Africa without having other goals in the shadows? Are they doing this in order to actually help developing countries or is it another move to push their agenda and impose influence on Africa?
In addition, France declared they put utmost importance on “protecting the workers”, achieving “proper taxation” and that “even if jobs are low paid or not full time, people still have jobs”. This practically means that if you work 35 hours per week for 500 euros a month it is alright, because other people don’t, even if that means that you cannot cover your basic needs or support your family.
A surprising statement was that of Italy, claiming that a consensus has been achieved, even though half of the countries present were disagreeing with the western approaches. They also suggested that since the G20 countries hold the 90% of the world’s GDP, essentially they should have the main opinion on the nature and the way of implementations of the different investments. Sadly, nowadays that is how capitalism works, we look first at what will be profitable, economically feasible, and then at how it will help those involved, the people involved.
South Korea and Japan agree on the fact that there should be collaboration between governments and private entities, with the latter calling this type of collaboration a win/win situation.
Turkey believes that before improving technology, other more serious problems should be addressed first, for example, the access of third world countries to food and clean water.
Summing up, the G20 is nowhere near a consensus. Many different discussions are being facilitated and lots of ideas are being thrown around the table. Sadly, though, many countries do not focus on how to actually facilitate helpful and viable solutions, rather, they are putting their personal agendas above everything.
#9 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: G20 -The Future of Investing
The discussion of the G20 meeting was mainly focused on achieving long term goals through long term policies and objectives. The aim of developed countries such as the US, Japan, the UK, and Canada is to provide economic aid such as investments, technical and sustainable infrastructure to developing countries in order to give them the opportunity to enter into the labor market. The main investment should be made on infrastructure such as Telecoms, but also roads, transportation (from cities to countryside), new technological ways to diversify the global digital economy. Such goals must be reached mainly through cooperation and empowerment of women in the labor market to reduce gender inequality and thus build a sustainable work environment. Canada pointed out the fact that in 2015, more than 3.5 billion of dollars were used to help less developed countries, governments and poor banks. Furthermore, Brazil suggests that drafting actual business cases could help emerging economies by implementing them into their economy.
All US, Canada, Japan and South African representatives agreed on the fact that the access to education is essential to achieve global wealth and reduce inequality to assure economic stability. However, less developed countries such as Turkey and Indonesia face major social and economical issues: gender inequality, prevailing poverty, limited access to basic necessities such as potable water, electricity and roads. The idea of tech investments and digitisation is therefore not a priority issue and would in this case lead to a major failure. The avoidance of future profitable investments could lead those countries not only to increase their marginality towards the global digital market, but also to create a hostile relationship with powerful countries that are capable and above all willing to help them economically and socially to progress and evolve at a faster pace. As the biggest economies in the world are offering them opportunities to reduce technological gap, developing nations should reconsider their position.
#8 – NEW UNION: African Union – Stability in Sudan?
It has been a widely agreed upon statement that international justice is only cared about in cases where the perpetrator state or individual is non-western or hails from the Global south. Africa, in particular, has had the most cases reviewed and incriminated. One can argue that it is because the worst crimes of humanity happen there, but that would be a sign of ignorance or rather a selective ignorance to the crimes of the West. With numerous states of the African Union pushing for the main perpetrators of the Sudanese massacre by the military to be tried by the International Criminal Court, it brings us to the dilemma of whether there really is justice in the most just form or whether it is just another form of neocolonialism.
Another aspect that resonates with this sentiment is the fact that a number of states are pushing for economic reforms and the use of natural resources to stabilise the Sudanese economy. And yet again it is a thing to consider, would the use and the extraction of resources in the mostly unexplored and ravaged state of Sudan really be for the sole benefit for the state or is it just another way that foreign states will try to take advantage of Sudan’s vulnerable sovereignty and peace. One might say that this is an unnecessarily pessimistic view, but the fact remains that corruption is an enormous consequence of chaos and conflict. The New Union is interested to see where this debate goes and just how much of the solutions that will be further proposed, can actually be applicable to rehabilitate Sudan and not just serve the ulterior motive that is resource exploitation.
#7 – INTERCONTINENTAL STANDARD: World Bank – 18,000 Seconds
Three hours, ten thousand eight-hundred seconds: what can be done in that amount of time? You can watch a movie, cook a fourteen pound turkey, or take a train from Paris to London. Any of these would be better options than how the World Bank has spent their last three hours. With the topic of natural disaster management, there has been a focus on creating infrastructure and how to monitor and obtain sustainable funding for these events. However, delegates have not delved into specifics on this topic; rather than holding substantive debates, delegates continue to revolve around the idea of what needs to be solved rather than how to do it. Delegates have yet to fully address their issues, and have only skimmed the surface of what needs to be addressed. Three hours or ten thousand eight-hundred seconds; it’s time to get working World Bank.
#6 – OFFICIAL SIMULATION UPDATE: Single-Delegate Blocs
If you are from a single-delegate country, you can discuss forming blocs with other single-delegate countries and publish position papers together.
#5 – OFFICIAL SIMULATION UPDATE: Coffee Break @5:30PM
All Delegates in Intermediate committees will meet for a Coffee Break outside Exeter College at 5:30. Please bring your Placards with you so you can identify your other country representatives. By the end of this Break do submit to the DB who your Head Delegate is by messaging Bianca_DB, you can submit a Policy Paper to Bianca_DB as well if you haven’t done so already
#4 – OFFICIAL
SIMULATION UPDATE: Extending your country Budget
If you would like to increase your fiscal resources to spend on directives, you can apply for individual country loans at the World Bank using the following link https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLScFUmqLP4ZMMf-epdJCMnxp38LUf9eUYQoA_VECETht7_yVVA/viewform?usp=sf_link This will be processed by the World Bank who will respond to your request.
#3 – The New Union: A Press for the people by the people
The New Union is a recently formed news organisation that is primarily based in Asia, Africa and South America, but also has correspondents in many parts of the world. Our focus lies on providing a non-western centric and non-imperialist point of view to International Politics. We are primarily an independent and objective newspaper, written by the people, for the people and we are here to express an alternative voice, differing from the Western-dominated media.
- Our goal is to provide clear and credible information throughout the conference to facilitate better and comprehensive dialogue
- We would also run independent opinion pieces on the decisions and debates by the delegates.
You can get in touch with us and help us spread the news via Slack @TNU.
#2 – The Intercontinental Standard
The Intercontinental Standard consists of multiple news agencies throughout North American and European nations, strongly supporting an American leadership in the economic and trading world. However, it supports a balanced trade policy, through North American businesses and trade markets to those in Europe. The International Standard also reports on events worldwide that impacts the global economic growth, as well individual populations and countries. The goal of the Intercontinental Standard is to provide readers with constant and reliable information on global events. There is a common value that governs the news reporting process: to always strive to achieve “freedom, democracy and liberty”.
#1 – OFFICIAL
SIMULATION UPDATE: Welcome
Dear Delegates and Chairs,
PLEASE REFRESH THIS PAGE THROUGHOUT THE CONFERENCE FOR ALL UPDATES
This page is where all Interconnectivity Updates will be posted during the conference.
We will NOT be using the #general channel on slack as was previously communicated.
If it is labeled “Official Update” that means it is a post coming from Press. It will begin with the name of the news organization reporting either “International Standard” or “New Union”.
Here is a link to all Slack Codes
Here is a link to the Country Budget
Here is a link to the Rules of Procedure
Calculating Budget: The SDR currency value at OxIMUN has been set to 1.38. Simply multiply your SDR figure by 1.38 to get your budget in US Dollars
COUNTRY MEETINGS: Today there will be no coffee breaks. If you wish to organize a Country meeting follow the procedure of the Slack Codes below (via Private Delegation Meeting). Overall please do note meetings will only be organized in special circumstances as they require logistical organization.