International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
The International Atomic Energy Agency aims to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, inhibiting its use for military purposes (specifically in the development of nuclear weapons) in the process. Established independently of the United Nations in 1957, the IAEA retains close relations with both the UN General Assembly and the Security Council, reporting to both when needed. Principally, the IAEA provides an intergovernmental forum for the discussion of issues related to nuclear technology; encouraging cooperation on the development of peaceful technologies and promoting the formation of international safeguards against the misuse of nuclear materials. In 2005, the IAEA was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, in conjunction with its then-director Mohamed ElBaradei.